What’s not covered by title insurance?

By FCT

Jen and Henry* saved up for years and finally bought a house, even though it needed a little work. They considered themselves pretty handy and to save a few bucks, they decided to do the renovations themselves. While demolishing walls, they found that mould was growing in the guest bathroom. Jen was distraught at the thought of spending more money to clean up and fix the issue, but Henry was not. “It’s not a problem,” Henry said. “We’ve got title insurance!”

Unfortunately, Henry, like many others, didn’t understand what title insurance covers. While title insurance does cover renovations and repairs that are enforced by the local municipality due to work that previous homeowners did without permits, it does not include all repairs.

We often get claims that are more suited to home insurance. For example, Michelle and Jake*, title insured homeowners, noticed that the carpet in their basement was wet and they could see water coming in from the side of the house. They found a crack in the foundation wall where the water was coming in. Had the previous homeowners finished their basement without a permit which caused this issue, title insurance would likely have covered it if the municipality required the removal or repair because it was done without a permit. However, since this was not the case, we were not able to pay out the claim.

Other claims that are not covered by title insurance (but may be covered by home insurance, depending on your policy) are a leaking roof, fire or weather damage, infestations, etc. Title insurance protects your ownership of the home and covers unknown issues like fraud, forgery, encroachments (if your shed turns out to be on your neighbour’s property or vice versa), previous homeowner’s lack of building permits, and more.

If you’re ever in doubt, feel free to call us to confirm your coverage!

*Names were used for illustrative purposes and have been changed to protect the privacy of our clients.

This is for general information only. For specific coverage, please contact your title insurer or home insurance company.

Categories: Title Insurance

8 Responses to “What’s not covered by title insurance?”

  1. Nneka Isibor says:

    Does title insurance protect you from contractor fraud? We hired a contractor to flip a house we bought and he left the job without finishing the job. And even made it worse.

  2. Carla says:

    My basement wall is leaking. The basement is unfinished and I noticed cracks at all the corners of the floor. These are not leaking but I’m afraid it’s only a matter of time that they leak because of the wall. Is fixing the leaking wall covered by title insurance. I have a feeling it has leaked previously because the previous owner had things stacked up in front of that wall when we had the home inspection done.

    • FCT says:

      Hi Carla, unfortunately there is no specific coverage for leaking basements in a title insurance policy. Amongst other things the policy contains coverage for outstanding work orders, open building permits and the forced removal and remediation by a governmental authority because of work done without a required building permit. If you’d like us to investigate this for you, please visit the “Make a Claim” section of our website and we’d be happy to help!

  3. Scott says:

    We recently purchased an older home.. we removed the glass sliding doors on the bathtub and found mold in behind the tub surround. It appears the home owner did the tub surround. Is this something title insurance would cover.

    • FCT says:

      Hi Scott, sorry to hear that. Unfortunately there is no coverage for mold specifically in the title insurance policy. As we mentioned in our previous comment, the policy contains coverage for outstanding work orders, open building permits and the forced removal and remediation by a governmental authority because of work done without a required building permit, in addition to other coverage. If you’d like to submit a claim, please visit the “Make a Claim” section of our website and we’d be happy to help!

  4. David Cameron says:

    How about paint used to cover up an existing ceiling mould problem and within 2 months after purchasing the residence, the mould is now leaching through the paint revealing itself to the bedroom areas. Seems like it is some what fraudulent to hide and not disclose the problem. Is this something title insurance would cover?

    • FCT says:

      That’s a tough situation, David. Unfortunately this type of fraud is not covered by title insurance. Our policy includes coverage for title fraud where the ownership or title of a property is fraudulently changed or documents are forged to illegally sell or refinance the property. Have you spoken to your home insurance company? We’d recommend that you check with them about your coverage. If you would like a definitive coverage position from us, you could submit a formal claim at https://fct.ca/make-a-claim/.

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